|FTP Commander Pro
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) was first
used in Unix systems a long time ago to copy and move shared files. With
the development of the Internet, FTP became widely used to upload and download
online data, especially to post websites on ISP servers.
These tasks can now be performed by a special
program called FTP clients.
Commander Pro allows users to delete , rename, and copy files as
well as to create and delete directories on FTP servers, and work in command
line mode. Some of the fine features of this program include: directory
synchronization on local and remote access computers (comparing menus to
highlight edited or new files), a range of options to monitor command line
operations, manual input of FTP commands, etc.
The program lets you upload and download data
and to delete one or more files, including whole directories along with
subdirectories. The transfer interface window shows what percentage of
files has already been uploaded or downloaded. The program can also automatically
resume and complete file transfers, which for some reason, have been interrupted.
It can also attempt to periodically connect with the FTP server if the
pervious link was unsuccessful.
Servers usually break off a connection automatically
when the user is inactive for more than a specified period of time. The
program includes a command that allows you to "keep connection," which
means that retention prompts are periodically generated to maintain the
connection. It also contains a passive file transfer mode. Server directories
are sometimes hidden from view, which means that the directory modification
option will be extremely helpful.
Program configurations allow you to automatically
assign file transfer parameters: ascii or binary, depending on file extension,
which can easily be expanded. All commands and control operations can be
stored using the log file.
After you download the program two split
window panels will appear on your screen. These two main panels can be
described as follows:
On the right hand panel- "Remote FTP Servers", which
contains a list of pre-configured FTP servers;
On the left hand panel - "Local Computer," which
contains a list of files and folders in the local computer. Each of these
panels contains a context-sensitive menu which performs a number of system-related
tasks and functions. The menu can be called up by right-clicking the mouse.
The upper part of the window displays the main program menu and three keys:
"Connect", "Disconnect" and "Abort Connection".
After clicking "Connect" the program will attempt
to connect your computer with a computer which is on a web-based FTP server.
After the command is executed and the connection is established a list
of files and folder will be displayed on the remote FTP server. The keys
"Disconnect" and "Abort Transfer" allow you to log off the server, break
off the connection or interrupt data transfer.
|To transfer files use the following menu items:
or click on program button with arrows.
Upload the files you have selected onto the FTP server;
Download the files you have selected to the local
Let's take a closer look at the program functions
FTP server connection and program setting
When you call up "Connection" the main
program menu will appear on your screen:
Performing file operations on local computers
The first three items are used to connect with or
disconnect from FTP servers. The same commands can be performed using the
3 buttons: "Connect" "Disconnect" or "Stop Transfer".
Connect to FTP server;
Create new session;
After the connection is established, the "Connection"
button will switch off and "Disconnect" will light up. If for some reason
the connection is broken off, "Stop Transfer" will light up after which
the program will give up trying to establish a connection.
The menu item " Create new session " allows
you to upload a second copy of the program in another window. This will
be very useful if you need to interact simultaneously with several ftp
servers (transferring, deleting files, etc.).
Read the section Preferences on how to configure
When you call up the menu item "Local
Computer" the local menu will appear on your screen. The menu shows you
how to perform file operations on your local computer. This section contains
the following menu items.
Upload files to FTP server;
View as text;
You can also select menu items by clicking
the right mouse key. Find the files you need from the list of directories
shown in the window "Local Computer", then click on the appropriate menu
To select files use the following keys (which
should be pressed simultaneously, not separately):
Shift and arrow;
Shift and Page Up / Page down;
Shift and left mouse key;
Ctrl and left mouse key.
Let's now return to our description of the
local menu items.
This command allows you to create a folder
in a local computer. After you enter the name the new folder will appear
on the right-hand panel of your local computer.
The Remove command helps you to remove
folders from local computers. To do this, select the folders you want to
delete, then select this option. You will be prompted as to whether or
not you're sure you want to delete. If you answer yes, the folders are
removed from the server. Deletions can be performed using the "Select"
menu item or standard command sequences (shift, ctrl, etc.).
The rename command allows you to change
the name of a file or folder in local computers. It works as follows:
Upload selected files to an FTP server
One file at a time can be renamed this way.
Go into the folder and find the file you need;
Select the file you want to rename using the left
Select the menu item "Rename";
Enter the new file name in the "Rename" window.
The option "Upload selected files to
FTP server" allows you to transfer files to a remote FTP server. To do
this, select the files in a local computer you would like to copy. First
of all you need to make a connection with an FTP server. Then highlight
the folder in the FTP server you would like to upload.
The transfer interface window shows what percentage
of files has already been uploaded or downloaded.
You can sort files by name, size or date.
Selecting "by name" will display a list of files in alphabetic order. "By
size" displays files in increasing or decreasing order. Sorting files "By
date" gives you a chronological listing. You can also perform sorting operations
by clicking on the mouse in the appropriate column of the table, which
will display file properties (see item "View file as table").
The "Select" option allows you to highlight
the files located in one or more directories for deletion, dowloading to
an FTP server, etc.). The following options are available: "Select all",
"Unselect", "Select using filter mask" and "Invert selection". The following
files can also be used to highlight files:
View (to display files and folder)
Shift + arrow;
Shift + Page Up / Page Down;
Shift + Left mouse key;
Ctr + Left mouse key.
This menu item allows you to change the
way files are displayed in a list.
If you choose to work in "Large icons" mode, the
list of files will be displayed in large icons, or vice versa, in "Small
icons", if you select that option. Should you opt for "List", files will
be displayed in the form of a list; "Table with details" (itemized table)
will provide an itemized breakdown of the table (size, date, and the time
when the file was created).
You can also view files with an itemized breakdown
by horizontal scrolls (moving arrows horizontally left of right).
Files shown in upper and lower case will
appear on the server as separate files . Therefore, sometimes when you
upload a file or picture, it won't be visible on a website. For example,
your site contains a link to the file asona.gif but you uploaded Asona.gif.
Here you will need a program command which allows you to change the case
type, both on local computers and remote servers.
The Change case option lets you modify the file
register in the window of a local computer. By selecting "Upper case" file
names will appear in capital letters and small letters, if you opt for
"Lower case". If you select "As in sentence" file names will be written
the way they normally appear in a sentence. In order to change the way
files look in directories you should click on "Select all".
When you select the "Filter" option the
filter window appears on your screen, in which you can perform a filter
operation through any mask to display the files you have assigned to the
local computer directory.
View in text format
For example, enter *.htm in the mask and only
htm designated files will be called up.
The file you select will be viewed in
simple text editor.
Select this command on the left hand
panel to launch this application (usually used for *.exe files).
The last local menu item, " Font," is
used to modify the size, color and properties of character types shown
in a local computer window. When you choose this option the "Select font"
window appear on your screen. There you can substitute one font with another,
choose a different color or font properties (bond or underline) and check
corrections in the "Sample" Field.
Performing operations on remote FTP servers
This section of the program contains the following
Create a new FTP server;
File attributes on server;
Download selected files to local server;
It should be noted that this menu is intended
for operations performed in the window "Remote FTP servers", which means
that many items in this menu will only be available after connecting to
a remote server. File operations performed on the remote server are the
same as those in local computers.
We will describe in details only those items
which are not discussed in the section on file operations performed in
Create new FTP server
This item allows you to set up and save
connection configurations every time you select a new remote server profile.
After you select this
option "New connection properties" will appear on your screen with empty
fields which should then be filled in.
Enter the name of the new
server in the "name" field.
For example: microsoft
Enter the address of the
FTP server in this field.
For example: ftp.microsoft.com
Give the server's FTP port
User information should
also be entered in the right hand side of the window.
Enter the user ID in this
field to access a given site.
For example: anonymous
A password is required
whenever you access a server.
This field does not have
to be filled in for most servers. Skip it unless you have relevant data.
This field should be filled
in for anonymous connections. In this case you should highlight "Anonymous
Allows you to make notes.
Server response type
Different servers have
a different response structure for lists of folders and the files located
While the program is preconfigured
for the vast majority of servers, there may be cases where a remote server
is structured differently. You can look at these file structures by selecting
"Text format". Then you need to configure the response format in
"Custom" mode. The word number is given in the response.
For example, let's assume
that a word with number 9 is assigned the value "File name".
Microsoft FTP ver. 4.0 is
a special configuration for Microsoft version 4.0 ftp servers.
In "Text format" you can
only see the format of files on the server download files from a local
computer but you will not have any local menu options for the FTP server.
For virtually all servers
we recommend using the "Standard" response type.
10) Hide password
In this case someone next
to you computer will not be able to see your password. This is a handy
option in Internet cafes or classrooms.
11) Passive mode
Click on this option if
you need to run in passive mode to access your server. This is usually
necessary when you work through a proxy server. When selecting this option
enter a check mark ?, and remove in when you exit passive mode.
12) Initial directory
When you connect to a server
the program will immediately display the initial directories available
on the local and remote computer. This allows you to avoid clicking on
the mouse every time you want to move to a different file.
After filling in the requested
window fields and entering the data required on the new server and user,
make sure you save all this information.
In this menu item you should fill in
or edit the same fields that were requested when you added on a new server.
Using this key, for example, you can view or change your password, or edit
other fields described in the previous item.
Remote server operations
The program is error-sensitive and automatically
corrects mistakes made by users. Other programs tend to use different input
and setting formats to access the FTP server. FTP Commander Pro
was designed to be smart and sensible software. It will enter the right
address even if you attempt to connect using any one of the following formats.
For example, if you make a mistake and enter a blank
space in the address, the program will automatically remove it from the
address, as well as any other inadmissible symbols, and will correct the
address while the connection is in progress.
This option allows you to create new
folders in FTP servers.
Sometimes directories in a server can
be hidden by the internet service provider or not displayed on the right
had panels of the program. For this reason the Change directory option
can be a useful item.
All program operations basically involve
performing various commands on a remote server. The same commands can be
given manually on the FTP server. These commands can be saved on a list
of custom commands. Such a list will come in handy if your server supports
custom commands not available in the program.
After selecting this menu "Commands" and "Do it
(Execute)" will appear in the lower part of the Remote FTP Servers" window.
By pressing the "Commands" key, the "Custom Commands" will appear in the
upper left part of the window. A few basic commands are already in place.
You can then add or delete as many custom commands as you like.
To add and save on commands you should first
click on the "Select" button with the mouse. The command you have selected
will then be displayed in the field next to the "Do it (Execute)" button.
Click it to execute the operation you have selected.
After you have finished the custom command task,
select the same "Custom command" menu item to remove "Commands" and "Execute"
from the window panel.
This item allows you to compare directories
to highlight modified and new files.
This item helps you delete any unnecessary
files, folders or servers. To execute this operation go into "Remote FTP
Servers" and select the files, folders or servers you wish to eliminate,
then press "Delete" in the local menu of the FTP server.
The Rename function allows you to rename
any file or folder on an FTP server.
File attributes on a server
This option lets you view the properties
of the server files you're interested in. For example, to execute CGI or
other scripts (cgi-script) you'll have to reconfigure the access attributes
to files or folders.
Download selected files to a local server
This option makes it possible for you
to download the files you have selected from the remote FTP server to your
own PC. Once you have established a connection with the server you can
download as many directories, including subdirectories, as you wish.
You can sort files in three modes: "By
name", "By size" and "By date".
The "Select" option allows you to highlight
all the files that are in a certain folder.
This menu item allows you to view a list
of files. It consists of "Large icons", "List" and "Itemized table".
This item lets you change the case of
files displayed in the window of a remote FTP server.
When you select "Filter" a window appears
on your screen where you can filter any file through the folder you have
assigned to the remote FTP server. For example, you can enter *.htm.
Here you can rearrange the size, color
and properties of font in the FTP server.
Preferences allows you to assign the general
settings that are to be used in running the program.
File transfer type
On the "Connection" page you can enter the default
Email address you would like to use for anonymous connections, and also
use the upper and lower arrows to select "Time out" (in seconds), which
limits the time duration each connection to the server will be attempted
as well as the number of retries you would like to configure.
The next page "Ascii / Binary" established
the file transfer type: "Auto - detect", "Ascii", "Binary" and a list of
file extensions for which Ascii transfer will be used. You can change the
list using the following keys: "Add", "Modify" and "Delete", which are
also located in the right part of the window.
The log is an option that can record
all the FTP commands you perform. To activate the log, click on the check
mark in the field "Enable log", then enter the name of the file where you
would like to save the log.
Keep connection (Keep alive)
Servers usually break off a connection
automatically when the user is inactive for more than a specified period
of time. The program includes a command that allows you to "keep connection,"
which means that retention prompts are periodically generated to maintain
Proxy, Sockets and Firewall configurations
Click on the option "Activate keep connection"
and then you can assign the time (in seconds) between commands. The menu
option "Interval between commands" will light up. On the right is a list
of commands which can be used to keep the server connection up and running.
You can add or delete any command on your list.
If you have to work on large corporate
networks these configurations may be required. To set them up fill in the
fields to the left of the type you have selected: then enter the description
of the server ("Server"), the port you will be using ("Port") and the "Password"
you will be using. To enter the password in hidden format, click "Masked
Program configurations and interface
By selecting "Direct" you will get a direct connection
and no other fields will have to be filled in, as default values are applied.
Program configurations appear of the
"Interface" page. This item allows you to configure the "Initial directory"
when you download the program, and chose the "Font" you want to use in
Default confirmation: this is useful when you're
interacting with a server on which you upload or download information.
For example, if you check the box "Overwrite confirmation
- Download", every time you perform a download operation you will be
queried about whether you wish to proceed or not.
"Overwrite confirmation - Upload" also
asks you to confirm uploads from your server to the server. If you don't
want to give confirmation every time, then all you have to do is make a
default confirmation setting. The program will execute by default any command
selected in the fields "Skip", "Overwrite" or "Resume".
After you have entered all the appropriate properties
and filled in all the requisite fields, you can either save these configurations
by pressing the "Save" button or discard them by pressing "Cancel".